When a smoker is used, the wood is placed over the heating element and the cheese is placed on a rack over the wood. On an outdoor grill the cheese is placed on the opposite end of the smoldering chips. This is done to avoid melting and intensely smoking the cheese; the space also allows greater airflow. Most people recommend lighting just a few pieces of wood, maybe three to five, and the entire smoking process generally doesn’t exceed a couple of hours.
Beyond smoked mozzarella, other popular choices you might want to sample include cheddars, younger Goudas, and other sharp semihard cheeses. A smoky staple in our shop is Idiazabal, a nutty and somewhat sharper sheep’s milk from Spain’s Basque region. The cheese originated with the migration of shepherds, who would move their sheep up the mountain to graze on lush new grass. During this time they would also milk the sheep and make cheese in their mountain huts, storing the cheeses in the rafters to mature. By the fall, with the advancing cold weather, the shepherds, sheep, and cheeses all returned to the lower slopes, by which time the cheeses were ready for sale and had developed a distinctly smoky flavor from having been stored above the fires in the huts.
One of my personal favorites in this woodsy category is Up In Smoke from Rivers Edge Chèvre, located in Oregon’s central coast range. This fresh chèvre is smoked over alder and hickory chips, then wrapped in maple leaves. I’m also a big fan of Moody Blue from Roth Käse in Wisconsin. This blue cow’s milk cheese has an incredible smoky flavor reminiscent of bacon—obviously ideal for burgers or even as the meat itself.